BIBLE HISTORY DAILY
The experience of Watchman Nee Ni Tuosheng and the Christian Assembly Jidutu juhuichu or Jidutu juhuisuo in Mainland China after the Communist Revolution of reveals the complexity of church and state relations in the early s. Widely known in the West as the Little Flock Xiaoqun , the Christian Assembly, founded by Watchman Nee, was one of the fastest growing native Protestant movements in China during the early twentieth century.
It was not created by a foreign missionary enterprise. Nor was it based on the Anglo-American Protestant denominational model. And its rapid development fitted well with an indigenous development called the Three-Self Movement, in which Chinese Christians created self-supporting, selfgoverning, and self-propagating churches.
As the overarching organization of the one-party state, the Three-Self Patriotic Movement sought to ensure that all Chinese Protestant congregations would submit to the socialist ideology. Scott , James C. Culver, Calif. Hong Kong : Logos , Wou , Odoric Y. Briggs , John H. In using this term, Watchman Nee sought to highlight the continuity of the apostolic church created in the first century a. Phil, diss. Bays , Daniel H. The Chinese government claimed that the Little Flock had as many as assemblies with eighty thousand adherents in , but other scholars estimated the Little Flock adherents to be seventy thousand.
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Uhalley , Stephen Jr. Sharpe , , Letter to the Corinthians 90 AD. Not as Peter and Paul did, do I command you. They were apostles and I am a convict. They were free, and I even to the present time am a slave. Matthew also issued among the Hebrews a written Gospel in their own language, while Peter and Paul were evangelizing in Rome and laying the foundation of the Church. After their departure, Mark, the disciple and interpreter of Peter, also handed down to us in writing what had been preached by Peter Against Heresies [A.
But since it would be too long to enumerate in such a volume as this the successions of all the Churches, we shall confound all those who, in whatever manner, whether through self-satisfaction or vainglory, or through blindness and wicked opinion, assemble other than where it is proper, by pointing out here the successions of the bishops of the greatest and most ancient Church known to all, founded and organized at Rome by the two most glorious Apostles, Peter and Paul, that Church which has the tradition and the faith which comes down to us after having been announced to men by the Apostles.
For with this Church, because of its superior origin, all Churches must agree, that is, all the faithful in the whole world; and it is in her that the faithful everywhere have maintained the Apostolic tradition ibid Let us see what milk the Corinthians drained from Paul; against what standard the Galatians were measured for correction; what the Philippians, Thessalonians, and Ephesians read; what even the nearby Romans sound forth, to whom both Peter and Paul bequeathed the Gospel and even sealed it with their blood Against Marcion [inter A.
When James, Cephas, and John, recognized as pillars, acknowledged the grace that had been given to me, they gave the right hand of fellowship to me and Barnabus, agreeing that we should go to the Gentiles, and they to the circumcised.
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Of course whether Peter was preaching to Jews or Gentiles does not really prove whether he was the first Bishop of Rome, or even went there. This implies someone is already teaching in Rome. In chapter 16 he sends greetings to 25 people, none of them Peter. You would think if Peter were head of the church in Rome he would send a greeting. Still the tradition that Peter was in Rome is early. I look forward to any future discoveries or news of this topic. The analyses Babylon was symbolic is strengthen by accompanied name Marcus. Galilee was multicultural and Hellenised so everybody including Jesus knew Koine Greek with their own language Aramaic and even bit of Latin which was even written on the Cross in Jerusalem!
Jewish boys are well trained whether you are a fisherman or a carpenter. If we compare St. Peter to him, it seems St. Peter is equally well articulated Christianity even criticizing Paul. I strongly believe St. Peter was in Rome, died in Rome on the cross as tradition indicates. Hello, The Roman church was clearly founded by Peter. However, he did as all churches are founded on the feast of Weeks Shavuot in 30 A. This fact is clearly recorded in Acts of the Apostles as recorded by Luke.
See Acts chapter 2. Specifically called out are the Jews and Proselytes from Rome who in return to Rome start the Roman church. Moreover, the Church of the East attributes the evangelisation of Mesopotamia to Thaddeus of Edessa and Thomas the Apostle; the early tradition connecting Peter with Rome is unrivalled. There was, however, a large Jewish community in Rome; we even read in Acts that they had been expelled from Rome by Emperor Claudius. They had been expelled from Rome before by Tiberius, according to Josephus and Cassius Dio; probably on neither occasion did many people go very far.
It is also possible that Paul implies Peter is in Rome in the Epistle to the Romans, if means he is not going to minister in Rome because there is already an apostle there. It was not possible for Peter to have been in Rome, and it was never in recorded history, Biblical or Roman. And no, the reference in 1 Peter was not about Rome, but Babylon itself. The books of Peter were written during the fall of Jerusalem, in 65 A. Babylon is modern day Iraq, where close to year old Christian villages exist, as they do in Syria.
These villages spoke Aramaic as their native language, as did Peter. The connection to the RCC is virtually impossible, unless Peter could time travel. The Roman Empire was still very much in power, and remained in power until the end of the 2nd century. Peter was long gone when the RCC was established.
There was the whole story of Peter being crucified upside down in Rome, which exists nowhere in actual history. Not bashing the RCC, but as a disciple of first century Christianity, and a long time student of Biblical and ancient history, it must be said. If so he moved east not west to the diaspora among the Parthians.
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Also any truth to the finding of a 1st century ossuary on the mount of olives with the name Simon Bar Joanna? It is all a matter of Faith. Jesus was, according to some scholars, a radical Pharisee. Or so once thought some Pharisees.
96 Lessons Volumn 2 | Jesus | Holy Spirit
Why, then, deny Christians the testimonies of tradition? Again, if you belive in Pentecost, the apostles started speaking in foreign tongues much to the amazing of the pilgrims who had come to Jerusalem from many provinces of the Roman Empire. Peter was there to take that very special language course. If you believe in Pentecost, that is. The cut feet bones in Rome point to the crucifixion that Peter may have chosen. I do not know how powerful is the Catholic Church, suspected by somebody here of hiding facts to disseminate myth.
All I know is that I am a Catholic.
I enjoy your analyses, but I believe, without actual evidence, that Peter was in Rome and his body lies there. Peter never preached in Rome. This fact is very clearly attested to in St. He might have gone to Rome towards the end of his life. This is a fact yet to be proved by history and archaeology. However, to reject the possibility of his ever going to Rome based on his simple status and not knowing Latin or Greek is far-fetched.
Peter was invested with the Gift of Tongues by which he could bring people to the faith through one sermon on the day of Pentecost. For he received from God the Father honour and glory, when there came such a voice to him from the excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. And this voice which came from heaven we heard, when we were with him in the holy mount. These verses are referring to the Transifuration of Jesus Christ, as recorded in Mathew and Luke There were only three other people present during the Transfiguration: Peter, James, and John.
Also, these verses indicate that the writer of this epistle was an eyewitness to this event. Therefore, one can only conclude that it was Peter that wrote 2 Peter.
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