Children under 3 must be in a child car seat. To help us improve GOV. It will take only 2 minutes to fill in.
Skip to main content. Accept cookies. Cookie settings. Home Driving and transport The Highway Code, road safety and vehicle rules. Child car seats: the law. If you are unsure whether the dickie seat has been designed for adults or children or if you are required to use a child restraint contact a child restraint fitting service for advice. Children up to six months old:. The restraint must be properly installed and adjusted to fit the child's body. The harness should be adjusted to fit the baby as snugly as possible, with the shoulder and the crotch strap fastening between the baby's legs.
Blankets should only go on after the harness is securely fastened. All rearward facing child restraints must be held in place by the seatbelt and the top-tether strap, and must have an inbuilt harness.
4 Stages of Car Seat Use for Children - Child Safety Seat Guide
A rearward-facing infant restraint allows a child to lie down and, in a crash, gives support and protection to the head and neck, the most vulnerable parts of a child's body. A rearward-facing restraint can be fitted to a vehicle with only one row of seats e. Children six months to four years:. When a child turns six months old it does not necessarily mean they are ready to be placed in a forward-facing child safety seat.
As rearward-facing travel is safer, you should only move your child to a forward-facing child safety seat when they have reached the maximum weight limit for older seats or the shoulder height marker for newer seats of their rearward-facing child restraint. There are a number of rearward-facing restraints available that are suitable for children to use until approximately 12 months of age. Only move your child to a forward-facing child restraint when they have outgrown their rearward-facing child restraint. Children aged between four years and up to seven years:.
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Children grow at different rates. A four year old child may not be ready for a booster seat yet. Your child should only progress to a booster seat if they are:. Children aged 4 years or older can use an integrated booster seat when travelling in a car in South Australia. Integrated or integral booster seats are those that have already been built into the seat of the car at the time of manufacture and in accordance with Australian Design Rules.
They can be adjusted so that an adult or a child aged 4 years or older can travel in the seat. Although an integrated booster is legal to use and helps the child to wear a seatbelt correctly, it does not provide the head protection that is afforded by using a current Standards Approved booster seat, that is, one with a high back and side-wings.
Car Seat Safety
If you have a seating position with a lap-only seatbelt and need to use a booster seat, you must use the seatbelt in conjunction with a child safety harness. This will stop the child's head and torso from being thrown forward in a crash. It is recommended to only use a child safety harness on a booster with an anti-submarining buckle.
An anti-submarining buckle prevents a child from sliding under their seatbelt during a crash or heaving breaking. A seatbelt strap is attached to the booster seat and clips to the lap part of the seatbelt between the child's legs to stop them from sliding out under the seatbelt.
Children 12 years of age and under are safest in the back seat. If you will need to fit three child restraints in the back seat, contact a child restraint fitting service for advice on the best combination of restraints to use in your car. Children aged seven years up to 16 years:.
Children in this age group should continue to use an approved child restraint until they are tall enough to wear an adult seatbelt correctly, even if they can legally sit in the front seats. Car seats and seatbelts are designed for adult bodies, so not all children will fit an adult seatbelt when they reach their seventh birthday.
4 Stages of Car Seat Use for Children
Research shows that an adult lap-sash seatbelt will not generally fit a child properly until they are at least cm tall, often around years of age. Children who are not yet tall enough to use an adult seatbelt tend to slump into the vehicle seat so that their legs bend at the seat edge. This means the lap part of the seatbelt is positioned too high on their stomach and they are at risk of serious injury in a crash. If a child outgrows their current booster seat and is still unable to wear an adult seatbelt correctly, it may be possible to obtain a larger booster seat.
Keep in mind that how the seatbelt fits will also vary from vehicle to vehicle and even from position to position in the same vehicle. Lap-sash seatbelts provide greater protection than lap-only seatbelts. If there is a lap-only seatbelt in your car, it can be used with a properly fitting child safety harness by a child up to 32kg approximately 10 years of age. Alternatively you may be able to have the lap-only belt replaced with a lap-sash seatbelt. If you answer " Yes" to all 5 Questions below, then your child is ready to move out of a booster seat, into an adult seatbelt.
If you answer " No" to one or more, then they still need a booster seat. Children won't fit an adult seatbelt properly until they are at least cm tall. Keep them in a booster seat until they are tall enough for the seatbelt to fit correctly.
What are the requirements for children riding in vehicles?
Wearing a seatbelt can be a life or death decision — both for you and your passengers, even if you are only travelling a few kilometres because most road crashes happen close to home. Wearing a seatbelt when travelling at 40 kilometres is just as important as wearing a seatbelt at faster speeds.
Passengers not wearing seatbelts can kill or seriously injure others in the car if, for example, the driver has to brake suddenly. Note: Animals should also be suitably restrained in vehicles. It is also an offence for passengers to travel in the back of utes, panel vans, trailers and caravans.
No matter what stage of your pregnancy, it is vital that you always wear a seatbelt. This will protect you and your unborn baby in the event of a crash. Wear your seatbelt comfortably and correctly with the lap part of your seatbelt worn as low as possible, positioned below your baby.
It should be over the upper thighs and across the pelvis. The sash part of your seatbelt should pass above the stomach and across the centre of your chest. My car licence. My motorcycle licence. My heavy vehicle licence. Parents and supervisors. Road rules.
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Safe driving tips. Children will typically need to be at least 4 feet 9 inches in height to ride without a booster seat. When children are old enough and large enough for the vehicle seat belt to fit them correctly, they should always use lap and shoulder Seat Belts for optimal protection. Recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Always use the correct child restraint system. Never use pillows, books or towels to boost a child. Doing so can compromise your child's safety. This page has been automatically translated from English.
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